Finoric LLC

Potassium chloride KCl substitute

Potassium chloride KCl substitute Supplier Manufacturers and Manufacturers' Representative

FInOrIC, etymologically derived from our business line of Fine Inorganic, Organic and Industrial Chemicals, is the internationally preferred source for Chemicals. With customers in 55 countries across 5 continents, we source and sell most chemicals. Backed by owned full fledged chemical manufacturing facilities in Midland & Houston Area Texas with associated manufacturing sites in India, Dubai, China and USA we are a truly multi-national chemical manufacturer & distributor. Fracturing and Fracking Industry can rely on our 24x7 - 365days service including week-end deliveries.

DESCRIPTION

In general, most of all petroleum reservoirs contain clay/shale minerals; i.e. iron based, sodium based, and aluminum base. It is of most importance to protect the water sensitive clays from becoming a damaging threat to permeability via swelling and, or migration. These clays are trapped into the reservoir matrix and when exposed to water and, or a treatment fluid without protection, two events take place; swelling (plugging pores) and migrating-dispersing throughout the reservoir resulting in production loss.

Clay Ste Adv™ is an excellent KCl Substitute (Potassium Chloride Substitute) that works as a Clay Stabilizer by inhibiting clay swellings and mitigation. It performance is guaranteed by exemplary results in Capillary Suction Tests and Roller Oven Testing. It is extensively used in oil well drilling, fracturing or fracking.

Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock formed by the compression of muds.  It is chiefly composed of aluminum silicates found in clays that are platy in structure.  Clays have the tendency to swell when exposed to water, creating a potential drilling hazard and reducing permeability of a good reservoir rock.  Minimizing clay swelling is important and can be achieved by addition of ClaSte-PAP, a quaternary compound, to water based drilling muds and fracturing fluids.  ClaSte-PAP can be used in conjunction with other clay inhibitors like potassium chloride, polymeric cloud point clay inhibitors or other quaternary compounds.  Some combinations may display synergistic efficiency in clay control.

The product has been tested in accordance with published protocols.

  • Capillary Suction Test (CST).  Most often used for preliminary screening
  • Dispersion Test measures retaining  clay shaken in a drilling mud
  • Mud Rheology, ability to absorb bentonite with minor change of rheological properties
  • Dynamic Linear Swelling of bentonite pill on Swellmeter Apparatus

ShaleUSGOV.jpg
Example of a shale rock. USGOV

Clay Inhibitor Capillary Suction Test
Efficiency vs. 2% KCl*
Dispersion Test, Clay Retained,** %
pH 9 pH 12
2% KCl 0% (baseline) 54 60
No inhibitor >1000% 33 11
ClaSte-PAP -44.7% 65 60

Clay Swelling Graph
Figure: Testing at 180°C, bentonite pill swelled significantly less in the presence of ClaSte-PAP.

Typical Physical Properties
Form Liquid
Density 0.97 g/cm3 @  23°C
Pour point <-10°C (14°F)
pH 8-10
Solubility Water, brine
Ionic Charge Cationic

Viscosity Graph
Figure: Viscosity of water base drilling mud after incremental addition of bentonite, pH12.

Application
ClaSte-PAP should be added at 1-3 gallons per thousand to fracturing fluids and 2-5 gallons per thousand to drilling muds.  ClaSte-PAP can be combined with other clay inhibiting agents.  However, we recommend testing products compatibility before mixing inhibitors.


Most of our partners facilities of MANUFACTURE BULK DRUGS/API, EXCIPIENTS, PHARMACEUTICALS (IP/BP/USP/NF/PH. EUR./JP), SPECIALITY CHEMICALS (PURE/AR/ACS), MINERAL FORTIFIERS (FCC). OUR MANUFACTURING FACILITY IS GLP, GMP (FDA) APPROVED, ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 22000, FSSC 22000, FSSAI, KOSHER, HALAL, COPP AND WHO-GMP CERTIFIED.

Good Manufacturing Practice Certified by World Health Organization (WHO-GMP)
Written Confirmation Certification (WC)
Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP)
Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)


Finoric LLC