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Vanadium trichloride is the inorganic compound with the formula VCl3. This purple salt is a common precursor to other vanadium (III) complexes.
VCl3 is prepared by heating VCl4 at 160-170 °C under a flowing stream of inert gas, which sweeps out the Cl2. The bright red liquid converts to a crusty purple solid. Further heating of VCl3 decomposes with volatilization of VCl4, leaving VCl2. Upon heating under H2 at 675°C (but less than 700 °C), VCl3 reduces to greenish VCl2.
2 VCl3 + H2 → 2 VCl2 + 2 HCl
Vanadium (II) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula VCl2. This purple solid is the most reduced vanadium chloride. Like other metal dihalides, it is a polymer. Vanadium (II) chloride dissolves in water to give purple solutions.
|VCl2, - II Vanadium Dichloride, CAS Number 10580-52-6, EINECS EC Number 234-176-7, Molecular Weight 121.847||Pale Green Crystalline Solid|
|VCl3, -III Vanadium Trichloride, CAS Number 7718-98-1, EINECS EC Number 231-744-6, Molecular Weight 157.30||purple|
|VCl4, IV Vanadium Tetrachloride, CAS Number 7632-51-1, EINECS EC Number 231-561-1, Molecular Weight 192.75||red to brown liquid|
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